On 6 April, the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoev signed the Law "On introducing amendments and additions to the Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan".
The document was adopted by the Legislative chamber on March 17 and approved by the Senate on March 28, 2017.
Amendments to the Basic Law are made in accordance with the presidential decrees dated October 21, 2016 "On measures for further reforming the judicial-legal system, strengthening guarantees of protection of the rights and freedoms of citizens" and dated February 21, 2017 "On measures to radically improve the structure and efficiency of the judicial system of the Republic of Uzbekistan".
The main purpose of the bill is to improve and increase the efficiency of the judicial system, further strengthening the judiciary and ensuring genuine independence of the judiciary in the Republic of Uzbekistan.
The law contains fundamental provisions on the implementation of the tasks defined in the Action strategy of five priority directions of development of the Republic of Uzbekistan in 2017-2021, where the extension of the guarantees of reliable protection of the rights and freedoms of citizens, increasing their access to justice, efficiency and quality of judicial processes, further improving the system of selection of candidates and appointment of judges have been secured as the key areas of reforms in judicial-legal sphere.
The law introduces amendments and additions to some articles of the Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan. In accordance with these amendments, the Supreme economic court and the Supreme court are merged into a single Supreme judicial body in civil, criminal, administrative and economic justice – the Supreme court of the Republic of Uzbekistan.
In addition, in accordance with the amendments to the Basic law, a new institution - Supreme Judicial Council is introduced into the judicial system.
The Supreme Judicial Council will have broad powers. In accordance with the new wording of paragraph 14 of part one of article 93, the President on the recommendation of the Supreme Judicial Council of the Republic of Uzbekistan appoints and dismisses the presidents and vice-presidents of courts in regions and in the Tashkent city, the Chairman of the Military court of the Republic of Uzbekistan.
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